access

Definitions

General English

Agriculture

  • noun a place of entry, or the right of entry, to somewhere
  • noun the right of the public to go onto uncultivated private land for recreation.

Aviation

  • noun a way to find or get at something

Banking

  • noun
    (written as Access)
    a credit card system formerly operated by some British banks, part of the MasterCard network

Computing

  • noun the fact of being able to reach or use something
  • noun the fact of being allowed to use a computer and read or alter files stored in it. This is usually controlled by a security device such as a password.

Construction

  • The means of entry into a building, area, or room.
  • A port or opening through which equipment may be inspected or repaired.

Electronics

  • entry to something, such as a network or the interior of an electronic device.
  • connection to a network or system. For example, accessing the Internet.
  • The storage and/or retrieval of data to or from a computer storage medium. For example, accessing a hard drive, or retrieving a file.
  • A means of connecting to an electronic device without needing to open its interior. For example, using cables with phono plugs to connect a compact disc player and a high-fidelity amplifier using their phono jacks.

Health Economics

  • (written as Access)

    Access to health care, or its 'accessibility', is often regarded as an important determinant of the equity of a health care system but the meaning and significance of 'access' or 'accessibility' are nonetheless often left unclear. Insofar as it is important in equity it seems that it is cheapness of access that really matters, usually because the writer will have some notion underlying their concern for equity about the importance of meeting need, and cheap access seems to be a precondition for having lots of people's needs assessed in order that they might be met. Economists typically treat accessibility as a comprehensive term for 'price'; that is, any user monetary fee that is to be paid plus time and transport costs, waiting, and any other element that constitutes a 'barrier' whether or not that barrier takes a monetary form or can be converted into a monetary form. Barriers may be physical, institutional or social as well as financial. Some may be direct; others indirect. As an example of indirect barrier, access to insurance may be the only route to accessing health care itself.

    The following have all been found to be important practical barriers: absence of the service; absence of entitlement (e.g. via membership of an insurance plan); absence of translation service; distrust of providers; price (including deductibles and copayments); gender insensitivity; transport difficulties; inconvenient appointment times; inappropriate language; the existence of the service being unknown; excessive 'social distance' between clients and caregivers; patronising behaviour; waiting lists. Accessibility unimpeded to any significant extent by financial or other barriers is a characteristic of a health care system that is commonly specified or sometimes (as in Canada and the UK) required by statute. Access challenges in remote areas, especially in developing countries, are formidable.

Law

  • noun the right of the owner of a piece of land to be able to get to it easily by means of a road
  • noun the right of a child to see a parent regularly, or of a parent or grandparent to see a child regularly, where the child is in the care of someone else

Media Studies

  • noun the ability of the public to question the actions and motives of major media companies.

Military

  • verb to activate a programme or open a file on a computer

Politics

  • permission to obtain or see private or secret information
  • noun the opportunity to meet someone important
  • noun the right of the owner of a piece of land to use a public road which is next to the land

Publishing

  • noun the opportunity or right to use something

Real Estate

  • noun a means of entering or approaching a place, e.g. a door or a driveway

Sports

  • noun the easy availability of public sports facilities
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