address

Definitions

General English

  • noun a set of details of the number of a house, the name of a street and the town where someone lives or works
  • noun the set of letters, symbols and numbers that identify someone’s email account
  • verb to write details such as someone’s name, street and town on a letter or parcel
  • verb to speak or write to someone
  • verb to make a formal speech to a group

Banking

  • noun the details of number, street and town where an office is located or a person lives
  • verb to say something to someone

Computing

  • noun a number allowing a central processing unit to reference a physical location in a storage medium in a computer system
  • noun a unique number that identifies a device on a network
  • verb to put the location data onto an address bus to identify which word in memory or storage device is to be accessed

Electronics

  • A number which indicates the specific place where data is stored within the memory of a computer, peripheral, or disk. Also called location (2).
  • The address of a computer within a network.
  • The address of a computer on the Internet, as expressed in terms of its IP address.
  • The address of a Web page, file, object, or address in general on the Internet, as expressed by its URL.
  • A sequence of characters which uniquely identify an email account. The standard format is user name@domain name. In the case of xxxx@zzz.com.qq, xxxx is the user name, and zzz.com.qq is the domain name. Also called email address, or Internet address (3).

Information & Library Science

  • noun details of where somebody lives or where their business premises are
  • noun a label, number or name which locates where information is stored

Politics

  • verb to speak about or deal with a particular subject or problem

Travel

  • verb to write the details of an address on an envelope, etc.

Origin & History of “address”

Address originally meant ‘straighten’. William Caxton, e.g., here uses it for ‘stand up straight’: ‘The first day that he was washed and bathed he addressed him(self) right up in the basin’ Golden Legend 1483. This gives a clue to its ultimate source, Latin dīrectum ‘straight, direct’. The first two syllables of this seem gradually to have merged together to produce *drictum, which with the addition of the prefix ad- was used to produce the verb *addrictiāre. Of its descendants in modern romance languages, Italian addirizzare most clearly reveals its source. Old French changed it fairly radically, to adresser, and it was this form which English borrowed. The central current sense of ‘where somebody lives’ developed in the 17th and 18th centuries from the notion of directing something, such as a letter, to somebody.
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