advance

Definitions

General English

  • adjective done before something happens

General Science

  • noun an instance of new development and progress

Accounting

  • adjective early, or taking place before something else happens
  • verb to pay an amount of money to someone as a loan or as a part of a payment to be made later

Aviation

  • noun a change that improves something
  • verb to move forwards, or move something forwards
  • verb to make something happen at an earlier time

Banking

  • noun an increase

Cars & Driving

  • noun the extent to which the ignition spark is made to occur earlier
  • verb to cause (something) to occur earlier

Economics

  • noun an amount of money paid as a loan or as a part of a payment to be made later

Media Studies

  • noun a statement offered in advance to the media, giving them time to cover it while it is still relevant news

Military

  • verb to move towards the enemy force

Publishing

  • noun money paid by a publisher to an author before a book is published which will be covered by future royalties

Real Estate

  • noun a quantity of money or goods supplied before payment is made or repayments begin
  • verb to supply something or part of something, especially money, before it is due

Travel

  • verb to move a clock or watch to a later time

Origin & History of “advance”

Advance originated in the Latin adverb abante ‘before’ (source of, among others, French avant and Italian avanti), which in turn was based on ab ‘from’ and ante ‘before’. In post-classical times a verb, *abantiāre, seems to have been formed from the adverb. It developed into Old French avancer, and passed into English as avaunce, initially with the meaning ‘promote’. A new form, advancer, started life in Old French, on the mistaken association of avancer with other av- words, such as aventure, which really did derive from Latin words with the ad- prefix; over the 15th and 16th centuries this gradually established itself in English. The noun advance did not appear until the 17th century.
http://www.dictionarycentral.com/definition/advance.html