- a wine-producing region on the French border with Germany that produces distinctive white wines that are, in the main, varietal. The main grape is Riesling and the wines are dry and rich in aroma. White wines from Alsace are usually bottled in a distinctive tall, slim green bottle. The town of Colmar is the commercial hub of the region. Alsace Grand Cru is a distinct appellation that includes over 50 of the top vineyards in the region producing wines made only from Gewürztraminer, Muscat, Pinot Gris or Riesling grape varieties. A number of wine styles are produced, in the main based on a single grape variety. Riesling is recognised as Alsace’s noblest grape and produces its best wine. It is very different from its German equivalent: gunflint and steel are often used to describe its complex aromas and fruity flavours. Gewürztraminer with its distinctive, fruity, lychee aroma, is dry, low in acidity and big in body. Pinot Blanc, known locally as Klevner, makes creamy, medium-bodied wines. Alsace’s Muscat is a blend of two varieties, Muscat à Petits Grains and Muscat Ottonel. The result is a crisp, dry, aromatic wine. Pinot gris, formerly known in Alsace as Tokay, is smoky and concentrated. Sylvaner is aromatic and flavoursome. Edelzwicker is a blend of grape varieties and is generally inexpensive, quaffing wine. Pinot Noir is Alsace’s only red variety, producing light wine, and crémant d’Alsace is a sparkling wine most often made using Pinot Blanc.