American Negro Theatre
- A US theater group founded in 1940 to promote Black productionsand actors under the direction of the playwright Abram Hill. The firstproduction, Theodore Browne's Natural Man, was staged at theNew York Public Library in 1941. Later offerings included two playsby Hill, Walk Hard (1944) and On Strivers' Row (1946)and, at the Harlem Children's Center in 1949, Synge's Riders tothe Sea. The company's greatest success was Philip Yordan's AnnaLucasta, starring Frederick O'Neal, which opened on Broadway in1944 and ran for nearly three years. It opened in London in 1947 withequal success. The American Negro Theatre toured England and Europein 1953 but was disbanded on its return to America.