- American National Theatre and Academy. The national theaterorganization that Congress established under Franklin Roosevelt'sadministration in 1935 to provide a tax-free "people's project,organized and conducted in their interest, free from commercialism".A self-supporting organization run by its own members, it became theUS centre for the International Theatre Institute in 1948.Two years later it acquired the Guild Theatre in New York, which itrenamed the Anta Theatre. The venue was later leased to provide neededfunds, although ANTA maintained offices there. In 1968 the Anta Theatrewas given to the nation (under the National Council on the Arts) asa performing arts centre operated by ANTA for non-profit-making theatergroups. It returned to private ownership in 1980 and is now known asthe August Wilson Theatre.
In 1963 ANTA oversaw the building of the shed-like WashingtonSquare Theatre as a temporary home for the Lincoln Center repertorycompany. It opened in 1964 with the premiere of Arthur Miller's Afterthe Fall. The musical Man of La Mancha ran there from1965 until 1968, when the venue was demolished. The organization declinedin the 1980s and is not currently active.