arrest

Definitions

General English

  • noun the act of holding someone for breaking the law
  • verb (of the police) to catch and hold someone who has broken the law

General Science

  • noun a sudden stoppage

Aviation

  • noun the act of holding somebody for breaking the law
  • verb to stop or to prevent something from happening

Law

  • noun an act of taking and keeping someone in custody legally, so that he or she can be questioned and perhaps charged with a crime
  • verb to hold someone legally so as to keep him or her in custody and charge them with a crime
  • verb to seize a ship or its cargo

Medical

  • noun the stopping of a bodily function.

Military

  • verb to seize a person and take them into custody

Origin & History of “arrest”

The Latin verb restāre meant ‘stand back, remain behind’ or ‘stop’ (it is the source of English rest in the sense ‘remainder’). The compound verb arrestāre, formed in post-classical times from the prefix ad- and restāre, had a causative function: ‘cause to remain behind or stop’, hence ‘capture, seize’. these meanings were carried over via Old French arester into English.
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