# average

## Definitions

### General English

- adjective not very good
- noun a total calculated by adding several quantities together and dividing by the number of different quantities
__added__

### General Science

- verb to produce as an average figure

### Accounting

- noun the sharing of the cost of damage or
__loss__of a ship between the insurers and the owners - verb to work out an average figure for something

### Aviation

- verb to reach a particular figure as an average

### Banking

- verb to
__amount to__something when the average of a set of figures is worked out

### Cars & Driving

- verb to achieve a certain mean value or rate

### Cricket

- noun the arithmetic mean of a batsman’s scores during a given period (such as a season or an entire career) and at a given level (such as first-class, Test, or one-day games), calculated by dividing the total number of runs he has scored by the number of times he has been dismissed. Thus, Sir Donald Bradman’s career
__batting average__in Test cricket is 99.94, arrived at by dividing his aggregate__score__(6996 runs) by the number of times he was out (70). This is conventionally shown in tabular form, thus:middle">

Additional information is often supplied, such as the batsman’sM I NO R HS A (matches) ( __innings__)(times __not out__)(runs) (highers score) average 52 80 10 6996 334 99.4 **strike rate**or the number of hundreds and fifties he has scored. - noun the mean number of runs that have been scored off a bowler’s
__bowling__for each__wicket__he has taken during a given period and at a given level, calculated by dividing the total number of runs scored off his bowling by the total number of wickets he has taken. Thus, Sir Richard Hadlee’s career__bowling average__in Test cricket is 22.29, arrived at by dividing the number of runs scored off him (9611) by the number of wickets he took (431). This is conventionally shown in tabular form with__figures__for matches played, overs or balls__bowled__, maidens bowled, runs scored, and wickets taken. Additional information is often supplied, such as the bowler’s**strike rate**and**economy**or the number of times he has taken five wickets in an__innings__.

### Economics

- adjective representing the total number divided by the number of units

### Electronics

- The
__value__obtained by first adding together a set of quantities, and then dividing by the number of quantities in the set. Also called__average value__(1), arithmetic__mean__, or mean (1).

### Medical

- noun the
__usual__amount, size, rate, etc.

### Sports

- noun a measure of a player’s or team’s achievement, reached by dividing the number of opportunities for
__successful__performances by how many times a successful__performance__was achieved

### Agriculture

- symbolR (written as
*Average*)

## Origin & History of “average”

The word

*average*has a__devious____history__. It began in Arabic, as ‘*awārīya*, the__plural__of ‘*awār*, a__noun__derived__from__the__verb__‘*āra*‘mutilate’;__this__was used as a commercial__term__, denoting ‘damaged merchandise’. The first European__language__to adopt it was Italian, as*avaria*, and it passed via Old French*avarie*into__English__(__where__in the 16th century it acquired its -*age*ending, probably by association__with__the__then__semantically__similar__*damage*). Already by this__time__it had__come__to signify the ‘financial loss incurred__through____damage__to goods in transit’, and this passed in the 17th century to the ‘equal sharing of__such__loss by__those__with a financial__interest__in the goods’, and eventually, in the 18th century, to the__current__(mathematical and__general__)__sense__of ‘mean’.