body

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • noun the whole physical bulk of a person
  • noun a mass or piece of material
  • noun an object

Aviation

  • noun the main part of an aeroplane, system, text, etc.
  • noun a large mass of liquid or gas

Cars & Driving

  • noun the main visible upper structure of a vehicle, as opposed to the chassis and running gear
  • noun the main part or housing, e.g. of a silencer
  • noun a shank of a bolt

Computing

  • noun the main section of text in a document
  • noun the main part of a program

Construction

  • The principal volume of a building, such as the nave of a church.
  • The load-carrying part of a truck.

Electronics

  • A mass of matter distinct from other masses. For instance, a celestial body.
  • The main part of something.
  • The physical structure of an organism, such as a human.

Information & Library Science

  • noun the main part of the text in a document

Law

  • noun an organisation or group of people who work together
  • noun a large group or amount

Media Studies

  • noun the main part of a piece of text after the introductory paragraph

Medical

  • an amount of something
  • noun the physical structure of a person, as opposed to the mind
  • noun the main part of a person’s body, not including the head or arms and legs

Travel

  • noun the main part of an aircraft

Wine

  • the style and weight of a wine when tasted, determined by such factors as the level of alcohol, sugar and extract present. A light-bodied wine often has a less intense colour, is less alcoholic, lighter on the palate and easier to drink; a full-bodied wine has a higher level of alcohol and is much heavier on the palate; a medium-bodied wine is neither light nor heavy and tends to have around 12 degrees of alcohol.

Origin & History of “body”

For a word so central to people’s perception of themselves, body is remarkably isolated linguistically. Old high German had potah ‘body’, traces of which survived dialectally into modern times, but otherwise it is without known relatives in any other Indo-European language. Attempts have been made, not altogether convincingly, to link it with words for ‘container’ or ‘barrel’, such as medieval Latin butica. The use of body to mean ‘person in general’, as in somebody, nobody, got fully under way in the 14th century.
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