broach

Definitions

General English

Construction

  • To free stone block from a quarry ledge by cutting out the webbing between holes drilled close together in a row.
  • To cut wide parallel grooves in a diagonal pattern across a stone surface using the point of a chisel, finishing it for architectural use.
  • Any pointed structure, suchas a steeple or spire, that is built for ornamental purposes.
  • A spire that rises directly from a tower, often without an intervening parapet.
  • A half pyramid constructed above the corners of a square tower, serving as an architectural transition from the slat of the tower to an octagonal spire.

Food

Origin & History of “broach”

The original meaning of broach was ‘pierce’, and it came from a noun meaning ‘spike’. The word’s ultimate source was the Latin adjective brocchus ‘pointed, projecting’, which in vulgar Latin came to be used as a noun, *broca ‘spike’. this passed into Old French as broche, meaning ‘long needle’ and also ‘spit for roasting’. English first borrowed the word in the 13th century, as brooch, and then took it over again in the 14th century in the above quoted French meanings. The nominal senses have now either died out or are restricted to technical contexts, but the verb, from the Vulgar Latin derivative *broccare, remains. From ‘pierce’, its meaning became specifically ‘tap a barrel’, which in the 16th century was applied metaphorically to ‘introduce a subject’.

In French, the noun broche has produced a diminutive brochette ‘skewer’, borrowed into English in the 18th century; while a derivative of the verb brocher ‘stitch’ has been brochure, literally ‘a few pages stitched together’, also acquired by English in the 18th century. A further relative is broccoli (17th c.), plural of Italian broccolo ‘cabbage sprout’, a diminutive of brocco ‘shoot’, from Vulgar Latin *brocca.
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