bureau

Definitions

Commerce

  • noun an office which specialises in a specific service

Computing

  • noun an office that specialises in keyboarding data or processing batches of data for other small companies

Information & Library Science

Law

  • noun an office which specialises in particular work

Media Studies

  • noun an office attached to a newspaper but in a different country

Politics

  • noun an office that provides a particular service
  • noun a government office or agency

Origin & History of “bureau”

Etymologically, bureau seems to mean ‘red’. Its ultimate source is probably Greek purrhós ‘red’, a derivative of pur ‘fire’ (as in English pyre and pyrotechnic), which is related to English fire. this was borrowed into Latin as burrus, which developed into Old French bure ‘dark brown’. This seems to have formed the basis of a derivative burel, later bureau, meaning ‘dark brown cloth’. This cloth was used for covering the writing surface of desks, and so eventually bureau came to mean ‘writing desk’ itself. Offices being the natural habitat of writing desks, bureau was later applied to them too. The derivative bureaucracy is 19th-century, of French origin.
http://www.dictionarycentral.com/definition/bureau.html