(written as Burgundy)a major wine-producing region in eastern France that grows a limited number of varieties of grape, mainly Pinot Noir for red wines and Chardonnay for white wines, but produces a wide range of styles as well as some of the world’s best wines. It consists of four main regions: Chablis, Côte Chalonnaise, Côte d’Or, and Macônnais. (Beaujolais is sometimes included, but it possesses its own viticultural identity and is better treated separately.) Burgundy has a large number of small properties, and négociants (wine merchants) often buy and blend wine from many different growers. The quality ratings within the AOC are relatively straightforward, with lowest-quality wines labelled as general Bourgogne AOC; one up in quality are the region-specific AOCs such as Chablis AOC and Beaujolais AOC; above this are village-specific appellations such as Givry, Meursault, and Pommard; above this are premier cru (first-growth) vineyards that label wine with the name of the village and the vineyard; the best-quality wines are graded grand cru and labelled with just the name of the vineyard.