burn

Definitions

General English

Agriculture

  • noun an injury to skin and tissue caused by light, heat, radiation, electricity or a chemical
  • noun in Scotland, a small stream
  • verb to destroy or damage something by fire
  • verb to use fuel or food to produce energy

Electronics

  • An imperfection on the screen of a CRT due to damage to the phosphor coating at that location.
  • To write code or data onto a PROM chip using a PROM blower. Also known as blow (2).
  • To write onto an optical medium which can be recorded only once, such as a CD-R or DVD-R.
  • To write onto a recordable optical medium, such as a CD, CD-ROM, or DVD.
  • synonymblow

Food

  • verb to cook something too much, so that it becomes brown or black

Information & Library Science

  • verb to copy data on to a CD-ROM or DVD-ROM. It can then be used to transport the content or to create multiple copies.

Military

  • noun an injury caused by fire, heat, radiation, chemical action, electricity, or friction, resulting in redness and blistering of the skin and often causing damage to underlying tissues
  • verb to cause burns to someone or to part of his or her body

Publishing

  • noun the length of exposure of a metal plate

Slang

  • noun a hit of crack
  • verb to record on CD-Rom or DVD. An item of hacker slang that, by 2004, was appearing in advertisements for IT hardware, etc.

Sports

  • noun a sensation of burning that occurs during strenuous exercise, and the positive psychological sensation associated with it

Origin & History of “burn”

English has two separate words burn. The commoner, relating to ‘fire’, is actually a conflation of two Old English verbs: birnan, which was intransitive, and bærnan, which was transitive. both come ultimately from the Germanic base *bren-, *bran-, which also produced brand and possibly broil, and was the source of German brennen and Swedish brinna ‘burn’ (another variant of the base, *brun-, lies behind the brim- of brimstone). It has been conjectured that Latin fervēre ‘boil’ (source of English fervent and ferment) may be connected.

Burn ‘stream’ comes from Old English burn(e), burna, which was a descendant of a Germanic base *brun-, source also of German brunne ‘stream’. this too has been linked with Latin fervēre (from the notion of fast-running water ‘boiling’ over rocks).
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