burst

Definitions

General English

Aviation

  • noun a minor explosion caused by increased pressure
  • noun a very short period of activity followed by no activity

Cars & Driving

  • verb to explode and lose all its air very suddenly

Computing

  • noun a short isolated sequence of transmitted signals

Electronics

  • An abrupt increase in the strength of a signal.
  • A signal resulting from an abrupt and intense increase in a magnitude.
  • In a TV receiver, a color-synchronizing signal at the beginning of each scanning line, which establishes a frequency and phase reference for the chrominance signal. Also called color burst, color-sync signal, or reference burst.
  • A block of data which is transferred as a unit, and without interruption.

Information & Library Science

  • noun an amount of data sent or received in one operation

Marketing

  • noun a large number of advertisements for a product placed over a short period

Military

  • noun the firing of a series of bullets rapidly

Origin & History of “burst”

In Old English, burst meant simply ‘break suddenly and sharply’; the modern connotation of ‘breaking open owing to internal pressure’ developed in the 16th century. The word comes from a prehistoric west and north Germanic *brestan, which can be traced back to an Indo-European base *bhrest- (this has been linked with medieval Irish brosc ‘noise’).
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