- noun a young of a cow, less than one year old
- The young of some of the larger herbivores, principally used of young cows or beef cattle
- noun a muscular fleshy part at the back of the lower leg, formed by the gastrocnemius muscles
- noun a soft leather used for binding books
Origin & History of “calf”
English has two distinct words calf, both of Germanic origin. Calf ‘young cow’ goes back to Old English cealf, descendant of a prehistoric west Germanic *kalbam, which also produced German kalb and Dutch kalf. Calf of the leg (14th c.) was borrowed from Old Norse kálfi, of unknown origin.