General English


  • noun a mark made on a document to show that it has been agreed, acknowledged, paid or that payment has been received


  • noun a form of cut, usually played to a ball that keeps unexpectedly low, in which the bat is held horizontally and brought sharply down on the ball just after it has passed the batsman. ‘The action is, as it were, an exaggeration of the cut’ (Ranjitsinhji 1897) and somewhat resembles the wielding of an axe – hence the name.
    See cut(n)(1)


  • A slice of meat cut across the back about 1 to 3 cm thick consisting of a part of the spinal column, the muscles surrounding it and part of the rib cage or belly extending to at most 15 cm. either side. Usually halved through the spinal cord, but sometimes complete, e.g. Barnsley chop. Usually from a lamb, pig or goat.


  • noun a cut-down, customised motorcycle. A shortening of chopper 2a.


  • verb to hit a ball with a quick sharp downward movement of a racket or bat, often in order to give the ball backspin

Origin & History of “chop”

there are three distinct words chop in English. The oldest (14th c.) originally meant ‘trade, barter’, but it is now found only in the phrase chop and change. It appears to come from Old English cēapian ‘trade’, which is related to English cheap. Chop ‘jaw, jowl’ (15th c.) (now usually in the plural form chops) is of unknown origin; the now archaic chap is a variant. Chop ‘cut’ (16th c.) seems ultimately to be the same word as chap (as in ‘chapped lips’), and may be related to middle Low German kappen ‘chop off’. The specific noun sense ‘meat cutlet’ dates from the 15th century.