- noun food. The word is about a century old and derives either from the Far Eastern pidgin English term ‘chowchow’, meaning a mixture, or from jiao(ze) (pronounced ‘jowzer’), which is Mandarin Chinese for a dumpling.
- noun a Chinese person. The term is usually used derogatively.
- noun a vulgar person. This is a social designation possibly based on the greeting/farewell ciao! It was defined as a ‘person who wears lots of gold and speaks with an almost cockney/Essex accent’.