- noun a person who comes from a particular country or has the same right to live there as someone who was born there
- noun somebody who lives in a city
- noun somebody who has the nationality of a specific country
- noun a person who lives in a city or a particular place
- noun a person who has the legal right to live in a particular country
- noun somebody with full rights as an inhabitant of a country
Origin & History of “citizen”
The Latin word for ‘citizen’ was cīvis. From it was formed the derivative cīvitās ‘citizenship, city state’, from which English gets city. From this in turn a new derivative was formed in vulgar Latin, *cīvitātānus ‘citizen’, replacing the original cīvis. This found its way, much changed, into Old French as citeain (whence modern French citoyen). Anglo-Norman altered the Old French form to citezein, possibly on analogy with Anglo-Norman deinzein ‘denizen’.