General English


  • noun a leather-covered roll put round a horse’s neck, to carry the weight of a plough or cart which the horse is pulling


  • noun purchasing fixed minimum and maximum rates (‘floors’ and ‘caps’) of interest, dividends or repayments at the same time

Cars & Driving

  • noun a washer fitted under the head of a bolt or screw
  • noun a raised area on a shaft to hold it in position, usually against a bearing


  • A flashing for a metal vent or chimney where it passes through a roof.
  • A trim piece to cover the hole where a vent goes through a wall or ceiling.
  • A metal band that encircles a metal or wooden shaft.


  • verb to dominate completely the bowling of an opposing team or player
    Citation ‘The bowling was rather loose, and the splendid batting of Caffyn was much appreciated. The bowling was what is termed in England completely “collared”’ (Lillywhite 1860)
    Citation ‘Pringle bowled better at the end of the innings, so that Essex were never collared as Gooch was to collar Middlesex’ (Robin Marlar, Sunday Times 24 July 1983)


  • noun a cut of meat, especially bacon, taken from an animal’s neck
  • verb to pickle meat by soaking it in salt or brine with seasonings and flavouring ingredients, then rolling, boiling and pressing it


  • noun (to) arrest (someone). The noun form is a later coinage from the verb, meaning to ‘catch’, and the idiomatic expression ‘to feel someone’s collar’, meaning to arrest them. Collar is another police jargon term which has passed into general use.

Origin & History of “collar”

Etymologically, a collar is simply something worn round one’s ‘neck’. The word comes via Anglo-Norman coler from Latin collāre, which meant ‘necklace’ as well as ‘part of a garment that encircles the neck’ (both senses have come through into English, although the latter has predominated). Collāre was a derivative of collum ‘neck’, which came from an earlier base *kols- that also produced German and Swedish hals ‘neck’. It has been speculated that it goes back ultimately to Indo-European *qwelo- ‘go round’, the root from which we get English wheel – the underlying notion being that the neck is that on which the head turns.