collect

Definitions

General English

  • verb to bring things or people together, or to come together
  • verb to get things and keep them together
  • verb to buy things or bring things together as a hobby
  • verb to gather money to give to an organisation that helps people

General Science

  • verb to gather or gather something over a period of time

Accounting

  • adverb used to describe a phone call which the person receiving the call agrees to pay for
  • verb to get money which is owed to you by making the person who owes it pay

Computing

  • verb to receive or capture data

Law

  • verb to make someone pay money which is owed
  • verb to take goods away from a place

Publishing

  • verb to bring things together to form a group

Travel

  • adjective referring to a phone call where the person receiving the call agrees to pay for it
  • verb to take someone or something away from a place

Origin & History of “collect”

Collect comes via French collecter or medieval Latin collēctāre from collēct-, the past participial stem of Latin colligere ‘gather together’, a compound verb formed from com- ‘together’ and legere ‘gather’ (source also of English elect, neglect, and select and, from its secondary meaning ‘read’, lecture and legible). The specialized noun use of collect, ‘short prayer’, pronounced with its main stress on the first syllable, antedates the verb in English, having arrived via Old French in the 13th century. It comes from late Latin collēcta ‘assembly’, a nominalization of the past participle of colligere, which was used in medieval times in the phrase ōrātiō ad collēctam ‘prayer to the congregation’.

Collect comes from the past participle of Latin colligere, but its infinitive form is the source of English coil and cull.
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