Health Economics

  • (written as Communitarianism)
    This is the doctrine that individuals' welfare cannot be properly understood or measured without regard to their membership of a community and the roles they play in it. Thus, it is not merely the health outcomes of, say, care in the community that matter but also the process utility of those participating in providing it. Since extra-welfarism places no limits on the nature of well-being or its sources that are candidates for economic evaluation, communitarian concerns may readily be embraced by it. The principal difference between the two is that communitarianism stipulates the categories of welfare that are to be taken into account whereas extra-welfarism is eclectic as to categories but specific in stipulating an authority (such as a minister of health) to do the stipulating.


  • noun the political theory that emphasises the need for strong neighbourhoods and social institutions to provide support to families and individuals