- noun (written as Congress)the elected federal legislative body in many countries, especially in the USA (formed of a lower and upper house, usually called the House of Representatives and the Senate)
- noun (written as Congress)a large meeting
- noun (written as Congress)used in the name of political parties, e.g. the African National Congress in South Africa
- noun a meeting of a group of people
Origin & History of “congress”
A congress is literally a ‘coming together’ – hence, a ‘meeting’. The word comes from Latin congressus, which was based on the past participial stem of congredī ‘come together’. this was a compound verb formed from the prefix com- ‘together’ and gradī ‘go, walk’ (a derivative of gradus ‘step’, from which English gets grade, gradual, and graduate). The application of the word to the US legislature dates from the 1770s.