General English

General Science

  • adjective without error
  • verb to adjust something to a particular standard


  • verb to adjust in order to make right

Information & Library Science

  • verb to mark mistakes so that they can be put right


  • verb to make calculations and issue instructions in order to bring artillery or mortar fire onto a target

Origin & History of “correct”

Correct is etymologically related to rectitude and rightness. It comes from the past participle of Latin corrigere ‘make straight, put right’, a compound verb formed from the intensive prefix com- and regere ‘lead straight, rule’. this regere (source of English regent, régime, regiment, and region) goes back to an Indo-European base *reg- ‘move in a straight line’, which also produced English right, rectitude, regal, royal, and rule. In English the verb correct by a long time predates the adjective, which first appeared (via French) in the 17th century.