cover

Definitions

General English

Accounting

  • noun an amount of money large enough to guarantee that something can be paid for
  • verb to provide protection by insurance against something
  • verb to earn enough money to pay for costs, expenses, etc.

Agriculture

  • noun the amount of soil surface covered with plants.
  • noun plants grown to cover the surface of the soil
  • verb to copulate with a female animal

Aviation

  • verb to include e.g. the complete extent of a period of time or the whole of a particular area

Banking

  • noun the proportion of a target audience reached by advertising
  • verb to have, earn or provide enough money to pay for something

Cars & Driving

  • noun a piece of material for protecting the car or part of the car (such as the seats) from dust and dirt
  • noun a tyre (as opposed to the inner tube)

Construction

  • That which envelops or hides, such as a protecting cover of paint.
  • That part of a tile or shingle that is overlapped by the next course.
  • The minimum thickness of concrete between the reinforcing steel and the outer surface of the concrete.

Cricket

  • noun
    Same as cover point
    Citation ‘He [Constantine] goes to British Guiana with the inter-colonial team, does nothing to speak of with bat or ball, but … emerges as one of the most brilliant covers ever seen in the West Indies’ (James 1963)
  • verb to stand behind and deeper in the field than another fielder in order to stop any balls which pass him
    Citation ‘In those days of fast bowling they would put a man behind the long stop, that he might cover both long-stop and slip’ (Nyren 1833 in HM)
  • verb to put covers over the pitch, the bowlers’ run-ups, or any other part of the field as a protection against rain
    Citation ‘In 1980, the TCCB decided to cover all county pitches. The idea was to give the England team a boost by making the surfaces for the domestic competition more like those encountered in Tests’ (Marqusee 1994)

Economics

  • To use the forward market to protect against exchange risk. Typically, an importer with a future commitment to pay in foreign currency would buy it forward, and exporter with a future receipt would sell it forward, and a purchaser of a foreign bond would sell forward the expected proceeds at maturity. See hedge.

Food

  • A place setting for one person in a dining area. Capacities or quantities are often measured in covers.
  • A lid of a dish or pan, etc.

Forex

  • Buying a security previously sold short  in order to close a position. The investor must buy the security at a price less than it was sold in order to make a profit on the transaction.

Human Resources

  • noun something put over a machine, etc., to keep it clean

Information & Library Science

  • noun the outside of a book, usually made of thicker paper or card

Law

  • verb to include and deal with something
  • verb to purchase goods from another supplier to replace those which have not been delivered according to contract

Marketing

  • noun one of the outside pages of a publication. The four cover pages are front cover, inside front cover, inside back cover, and back cover.

Media Studies

  • verb to have the job of reporting on an event or a particular class of events for a newspaper or a broadcasting company

Military

  • noun a false identity or explanation
  • verb to put something over another object in order to conceal or protect it
  • verb to provide fire support for another person or unit
  • verb to point a weapon at a person or group
  • verb to be able to observe or shoot into a specific area

Publishing

  • noun the outside of a magazine, sometimes made of specially thick paper or art paper
  • verb to put a cover on a book or magazine

Travel

  • noun a place for a customer at a restaurant table, with the cutlery and glasses already set out
  • verb to have enough money to pay, or to ask for security against a loan which you are making

Origin & History of “cover”

Cover comes ultimately from Latin cooperīre, a compound verb formed from the intensive prefix com- ‘completely’ and operīre ‘cover’ (a relative of aperīre ‘open’, from which English gets aperient). It passed into English via Old French cuvrir or covrir. Derivatives include coverlet (13th c.) (in which the final element represents not the diminutive suffix but French lit ‘bed’, the word being a borrowing from Anglo-Norman covrelit, literally ‘bed-cover’) and kerchief (literally ‘head-cover’), as in handkerchief.
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