crown

Definitions

General English

  • noun a round metal decoration that a king or queen wears on his or her head
  • verb to make someone king or queen by placing a crown on his or her head
  • verb to be a very good end to a set of things that happen

General Science

  • noun a covering for a tooth that is damaged

Agriculture

  • noun the top part of a plant where the main growing point is
  • noun the perennial rootstock of some plants

Banking

  • noun a word used in English to refer to the units of currency of several countries such as the Czech Republic, Denmark, Norway and Sweden

Cars & Driving

  • noun the top part, especially of a piston
  • noun an outward curvature of an apparently flat sheet metal panel

Construction

  • An ornamental architectural topping.
  • The central top section of an arch or vault.
  • The high point in the center of a road that causes water to flow to the edges.
  • The top of a tree or flowering plant.
  • In plumbing, the section of a trap that changes direction from vertical to horizontal.
  • The convex curvature or camber in a beam.

Information & Library Science

  • noun a size of book based on an old paper size of 15 x 20 inches or 380 x 508mm, so called because the old paper was originally identified by a watermark of a crown

Medical

  • noun the top part of a tooth above the level of the gums
  • noun an artificial top attached to a tooth
  • noun the top part of the head
  • verb to put an artificial crown on a tooth

Military

  • noun a ceremonial head-dress worn by a king or queen
  • noun an insignia used in some badges of rank of the British army (e.g. a single crown denotes major, while a crown and a star denotes lieutenant-colonel)

Politics

  • noun a way of describing the state in a country where a king or queen is head of state
  • noun the circular ornament made of gold worn on the head by a king or queen on formal occasions
  • verb to put a crown on the head of a king or queen to show that they have become the head of state

Travel

  • noun a gold and jewelled headdress for a king, queen, emperor, etc.
  • noun an indicator of quality

Origin & History of “crown”

Crowns appear to have been named essentially from their circular shape. The word’s ultimate source, Greek korṓnē, simply meant ‘something curved’ (it came from the adjective korōnos ‘curved’, which was a relative of Latin curvus ‘curved’). Latin borrowed it as corōna ‘circular garland’, and passed it on via Old French corone and Anglo-Norman corune to English. Latin also derived a verb from it, corōnāre, which ultimately became the English verb crown and also, of course, formed the basis of English coronation (14th c.). other English descendants of Latin corōna (which itself became an English word in the 16th century) are the two diminutives coronet (15th c.) and corolla (17th c.) (source of corollary), coroner (14th c.) (originally an ‘officer of the crown’), and coronary. The use of crown for certain coins (based of course on their being stamped with the figure of a crown) dates in English from the 14th century; it is also reflected in such coin names as Swedish krona and Danish and Norwegian krone.
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