current

Definitions

General English

  • adjective relating to the present time
  • adjective widely accepted at the present time or at a particular time

General Science

  • noun a movement of charge-carrying particles in a conductor
  • noun a flow of water, air or electricity

Aviation

  • adjective present, actual, happening at the moment
  • noun an electrical supply

Construction

  • The movement of electrons through a conductor. Measured in amperes.

Electronics

  • A flow of an electric charge through a conductor. Electrons, electron holes, or ions may transport an electric charge.
  • The rate of flow of electric charge through a conductor.

Origin & History of “current”

Current literally means ‘running’. It comes from Old French corant, the present participle of courre ‘run’, which in turn was descended from Latin currere ‘run’. this has been traced back to a prehistoric root denoting ‘swift movement’, which probably also produced car, career, carry, and charge. The Latin verb itself has a wide range of descendants in English, from the obvious courier (16th c.) to the more heavily disguised corridor (16th c.) (originally literally ‘a run’), occur and succour. For the English offspring of its past participle cursus see (course). The sense ‘of the present time’ (first recorded in the 17th century) comes from the notion of ‘running in time’ or ‘being in progress’.
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