cut

Definitions

General English

  • noun a mark made in a surface by something sharp
  • noun the sudden lowering of the amount of something
  • verb to divide, reduce or remove something using a sharp tool, e.g. a knife or scissors
  • verb to damage the skin with something sharp
  • verb to reduce the size of something

Accounting

Agriculture

  • noun the act of cutting hay or other plants
  • noun the act of cutting down trees

Computing

  • noun the process of removing a piece from a file
  • verb to remove sections of text from a file to make it shorter

Construction

  • material excavated from a construction site.
  • A term for the area after the excavated material has been removed.
  • The depth of material to be removed, as in a 5' cut.
  • To reduce a cost item.

Cricket

  • noun a batting stroke in which the ball is hit towards the off-side in an arc between cover and third man, with the bat held at an angle closer to horizontal than perpendicular
    Citation ‘Tightly packed off-side fields didn’t have the opportunity to move as another shot flashed through the cordon, while Merv Hughes’s attempts to restore control were met with audacious pulls and ferocious cuts’ (Australian Cricket October 1993)
    See also forward cut
  • noun the practice or technique of cutting the ball in bowling
    Citation ‘This time Willis, Cowans and Dilley found that speed and bounce were less important than swing and cut’ (Christopher Martin-Jenkins, Cricketer September 1983)
  • verb (of the batsman) to hit the ball to the off-side with a more or less horizontal bat when making a cut
    Citation ‘If you are in a position to cut and the ball should bump, it is wise to leave it alone, for the danger of being caught at third man is very great’ (Badminton 1888)
    Citation ‘Enter Botham, to overtake Fletcher in two overs by straight-driving and cutting ten runs off Kapil Dev’ (Berry 1982)
    Citation ‘He will be keen to have a longer knock in the second innings … after being caught behind off Kent’s impressive South African import Tyron Henderson, cutting at a ball that was too close to him’ (Andy Wilson, Guardian 19 July 2006)
  • verb (of the bowler) to make the ball move off the pitch into or away from the batsman by drawing the hand rapidly across the seam at the moment of delivery
    Citation ‘Even in the last over he [Lillee] cut one back at high speed to go over Emburey’s stumps’ (Brearley 1982)
  • verb (of the ball) to deviate from its original line of flight after pitching; in modern usage, used only of faster balls, but formerly applied to balls of any pace
    Citation ‘Aided by a turn or motion of the wrist, the Ball may be made to cut or twist, after it has grounded, and will perplex most Strikers’ (Lambert 1816)
    Citation ‘Tendulkar shouldered arms to a Jason Gillespie delivery, thinking the ball would go safely over the stumps. Instead it cut back and hit him high on the pad’ (Purandare 2005)

Electronics

  • To remove part of something, such as a portion of a document.

Food

  • noun a place where the skin has been penetrated by a sharp instrument
  • verb to remove pieces from something, or divide it into pieces, with a knife

Information & Library Science

  • verb to delete data on a computer, often in order to insert it somewhere else

Media Studies

  • interjection an instruction from a director to stop filming

Medical

  • noun a reduction in the number or amount of something
  • prefix
    (written as cut-)
    referring to the skin
  • verb to make an opening in something using a knife, scissors or other sharp thing

Publishing

  • noun an act of removing part of a text or photograph
  • noun a piece of metal used for printing an illustration

Slang

  • verb to dilute or adulterate (illicit drugs), usually with the intention of increasing weight and hence profit

Sports

  • verb to hit a ball with a racket in such a way that it spins as it flies through the air
  • verb to strike a cricket ball square on the offside with the bat more or less parallel to the ground

Wine

  • to blend wine in order to balance it

Origin & History of “cut”

there is no direct evidence that Old English had the word cut – the Old English terms were sceran ‘shear’, ceorfan ‘carve’, and hēawan ‘hew’ – but many etymologists have speculated that a pre-Conquest *cyttan did exist. Forms such as Norwegian kutte ‘cut’, Swedish kåta ‘whittle’, and Icelandic kuta ‘cut with a knife’ suggest an origin in a north Germanīc base *kut-.
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