• noun the study of the mechanics of human or electronic machine movements, and the way in which electronic devices can be made to work and imitate human actions


  • The analysis of control and communications processes and systems in living organisms and machines, and how they relate to each other. Cybernetics may be used, for instance, to design a machine capable of duplicating the way a living organism adapts to its environment.

Media Studies

  • noun the organisational and control systems in networks using computers

Origin & History of “cybernetics”

Cybernetics was first coined in French, as cybernétique, in the 1830s. But then it was used literally for the ‘art of governing’ (it is a derivative of Greek kubernḗtēs ‘steersman, governor’, from kubernan ‘steer’, source of English govern). The English term, ‘theory of control and communication processes’, is a new formation, introduced in the late 1940s by the founder of cybernetics, the US mathematician Norbert Wiener (1894–1964).