decentralisation

Definitions

Commerce

  • noun an organisation from various points, with little power concentrated at the centre

Economics

  • noun the removal of power from a central organisation, such as a central government, and the transferring of it to local authorities

Law

  • noun the act of transferring power to govern or to make decisions from a central authority to a local authority

Politics

  • noun moving power from the centre to local areas
http://www.dictionarycentral.com/definition/decentralisation.html