• separation of the scope of work and requirements into smaller, component packages, so that work effort can be more effectively monitored and controlled.

Health Economics

  • (written as Decomposition)
    This generally involves the identification of components or correlates of a larger entity in order to understand better the reasons for particular outcome s. Thus, inequalities in children's survival are likely to be reflections of other inequalities: for example in income, parental education, insurance cover, distance from health care facilities. One method is the Oaxaca decomposition for studying inequalities. This explains differences between groups in terms of differences in the size of the determining variables on the one hand and the size of their impact on the other.


  • noun the process where dead matter is rotted by the action of bacteria or fungi