# dielectric constant

## Definition

### Electronics

- For a given material, the
__property__which determines the__electrostatic energy__that can be stored per unit__volume__for a unit__potential gradient__. This is equivalent to the ratio of the capacitance of a capacitor using the material in question as a dielectric, to the capacitance of a capacitor using a__vacuum__as a dielectric. The dielectric constant of a vacuum is defined as 1, and for most calculations air is also considered to have this value. Also known as relative dielectric constant, permittivity, relative permittivity, specific inductive capacity, or inductivity.