General English


  • noun a senior employee appointed by the shareholders to help run a company, who is usually in charge of one or other of its main functions, e.g. sales or human relations, and usually, but not always, a member of the board of directors


  • noun a device with a central controlling function
  • noun a person who is a member of the board that controls the activities of a company


  • noun the person who is in charge of a project, an official institute, or other organisation


  • (written as Director)
    a trade name for multimedia authoring software developed by Macromedia that uses a grid to allow a user to control elements over time


  • noun a person appointed by the shareholders to help run a company


  • A parasitic element placed in front of a driven element, so as to increase the gain of the antenna in the direction of the major lobe. Also called director element.
  • In an automatic switching system, a device which translates dialed digits into the signals used to switch the call.
  • (written as Director)
    A popular authoring tool for interactive multimedia content.

Information & Library Science

  • noun the top person in the management of a group, company or organisation

Media Studies

  • noun the member of a film production team who is responsible for directing the actors, the camera crew and other staff
  • noun the member of a television production team who is responsible for deciding which shots will be used


  • noun an instrument used to limit the incision made with a surgical knife


  • noun a person whose job involves managing all or part of an organisation or company
  • noun the chief officer of a department in a council
  • noun the chief officer in a local government administration, in charge of the education or housing or social services in his or her area


  • The person who has overall responsibility for a stage production.His or her major tasks include interpreting the work in theatricalterms, rehearsing the actors, and coordinating the efforts of designers,technicians, and other workers. Until 1956, when the US terminologywas officially adopted, a director was known as a producer in Britain.

    Until the 20th century the responsibilities of the present-daydirector were usually undertaken by an author, manager, or leadingactor. Aeschylus was a famous director in Athens in the 5thcentury BC. In medieval Europe the 'master of ceremonies'would often move about the stage during performances of miracle ormystery plays. In the commedia dell'arte the most experiencedactor often assumed the role of director.

    The actor-managers of the 18th and 19th centurieswere gradually superseded by independent professional directors inthe early years of this century.

    Famous directors of the last 100 years include Harley Granville-barker,Joan Littlewood, Peter Hall, and Peter Brookin Britain, Lee Strasberg, Elia Kazan, and HaroldClurman (1901 - 80) in America, Jacques Copeau (1879 - 1949),Georges PitoĆ«ff (1887 - 1939), Jean Vilar, and ArianeMnouchkine in France, Leopold Jessner (1878 - 1945),Erwin Piscator, Bertolt Brecht, Peter Zadek (1926 - ),and Peter Stein in Germany, Giorgio Strehler inItaly, V. E. Meyerhold, Konstantin Stanislavsky,and Yuri Lyubimov in Russia, and Otomar KrejČa (1921 - )in the Czech Republic.

    Methods of directing can be either autocratic or democratic.In the 18th century David Garrick happily deleted and addedscenes to the plays he staged, while Goethe drew up a detailedlist of rules for his actors. Olivier once said:

    I expect my actors to do exactly what I tell them to do anddo it quickly, so I can see my own mistakes immediately if I havegone wrong. Arguing about motivation and so forth is a lot of rot.

    Others, such as Peter Brook, believe that a director shouldconsult with the actors and other workers at all stages of the production.Since the 1960s workshop sessions have developed to ensure this companyinput (see collective creation).

    In recent years so-called director's theater hascome under attack from those who feel that an undue emphasis on therole of the director stifles the creativity of actors and can leadto unbalanced and eccentric interpretations.

    Theatre director: a person engaged by the management to concealthe fact that the players cannot act.
    James Agate (attrib.)


  • noun somebody appointed by the shareholders to help run a company