(written as Disability)The concept has proved to be controversial by virtue of the fact that some definitions seem to imply unacceptable value judgments about disabled people. In general disability is 'lack of ability'. But how this should be judged (e.g. relative to what level of 'ability') is controversial. A disability may be physical, sensory, cognitive, intellectual and so on; it may be chronic or acute ; and it may have many causes, genetic, environmental, etc. The so-called 'medical model' focuses on medical interventions and their ability to improve 'ability'. A more social type of intervention is also actively pursued in most policy contexts - interventions designed to modify the environment for the convenience of disabled people (e.g. through easing access and mobility) or to change the attitudes of other people.
- noun a lack of legal capacity to act in your own right because of age or mental state
- noun a condition in which part of the body does not function in the usual way and makes some activities difficult or impossible.