dock

Definitions

General English

  • noun a place in a law court where the prisoner sits

Agriculture

  • noun a broadleaved or curled weed Rumex with a long tap root, making it difficult to remove
  • verb to cut off the tail of an animal

Commerce

  • noun a harbour, a place where ships can load or unload
  • verb to remove money from someone’s wages

Computing

  • verb to connect a laptop computer to a special docking station on a desk to give it the same resources as a normal desktop

Construction

  • A raised platform for the loading and unloading of trucks. Often, the elevation of a portion of the dock is adjustable to accommodate the differing heights of truck beds.

Electronics

  • To plug into a docking station.

Food

  • verb to make holes in rolled-out pastry to allow any air bubbles in the pastry to collapse and thus prevent irregularities when it is baked

Law

  • noun the part of a court where an accused prisoner stands

Military

  • noun a small area of water enclosed by wharves, where a ship can be loaded and unloaded

Origin & History of “dock”

English has no fewer than four distinct words dock. The oldest is the plant-name, which comes from Old English docce. Dock for ships (14th c.) was borrowed from middle Low German or Middle Dutch docke, which may have come from vulgar Latin *ductia ‘duct, conduit’, a hypothetical derivative of Latin dūcere ‘lead’ (source of English, duke, educate, etc). Dock ‘cut off’ (14th c.) was originally a verbal application of the noun dock ‘horse’s short tail’, which appears to go back to a Germanic *dukk- ‘bundle’; it may be the source of docket (15th c.). Dock for prisoners (16th c.) was originally thieves’ slang, borrowed from Flemish dok ‘cage’.
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