draw

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • verb to make a picture with lines
  • verb to move something by pulling

Accounting

  • verb to take money away

Aviation

  • verb to make a picture as with a pencil, on paper, etc.
  • verb to pull towards oneself

Cricket

  • noun a match that ends without either side winning; that is, in the case of a two-innings match, without one side dismissing the other side twice and scoring a higher total of runs; technically a tie does not count as a draw (see Law 21 § 5)
    Citation ‘Cricket had hardly caught its breath after Edgbaston … but now 2005 had something else to give. A draw, of all things: the first in 17 Ashes Tests.’ (Choe Saltau Wisden 2006)
    See also tie
  • noun a batting stroke by which the ball is deflected off the angled face of the bat and passes between the wicket and the batsman’s legs in the direction of fine leg or backward square leg; it is presumably so called because the ball is gently ‘drawn’ away from the wicket rather than more forcefully ‘pulled’
    Citation ‘In playing the Draw … turn the face of the bat inwards, so as to describe an angle of 45° with the parallelism of the wicket’ (Felix 1850)
  • verb to fail to reach a result in which one side wins
    Citation ‘On Wed., June 16, on Dartford Brimp, London drew with Dartford: to play another match on Thur., June 24, in the Artillery Ground’ (St James’s Evening Post 27 June 1731)
  • verb to hit the ball using the ‘draw’ stroke
    Citation ‘“Drawing” between leg and wicket is not a new invention. Old Small … was famous for the draw’ (Pycroft 1854 in HM)

Electronics

  • To shape or elongate wire or metal by pulling through one or more dies.
  • acronym fordirect read after write
    (written as DRAW)

Food

  • verb to remove the innards from a carcass before cooking it

Medical

  • verb to drain a liquid such as blood, pus or water from a wound or incision

Publishing

  • verb to make a picture using a pencil or pen

Slang

  • noun a ‘two-one’ honours degree in the late 1980s parlance of university students. (The joke is that a draw means ‘two won’.) Alternative names for the same award are made-in or Taiwan.
  • verb to attract (an admirer). A term used by young street-gang members in London since around 2000.

Sports

  • noun the act of selecting at random which contestants are to play each other in a sporting contest, or the resulting list of matches to be played
  • noun a contest that ends with both sides having the same score or with neither side having won
  • verb to finish a game with the scores for the opposing sides level or with neither side having won
  • verb to hit a ball so that it curves in flight following the direction of the golfer’s swing instead of travelling straight

Travel

  • verb to leave tea to stand so that the flavour is fully extracted from the tea leaves

Origin & History of “draw”

The Old English ancestor of modern English draw was dragan, which came from a prehistoric Germanic verb *dragan (source also of English drag). this seems to have meant originally ‘carry’ (which is what its German and Dutch descendants tragen and dragen still mean). In English and the Scandinavian languages, however (Swedish draga, for instance), it has evolved to ‘pull’. ‘Sketch’, perhaps the word’s most common modern English sense, developed in middle English from the notion of ‘drawing’ or ‘pulling’ a pencil, brush, etc across a surface.

Dray ‘wagon’ (14th c.) is related to, and perhaps originally came from, Old English dragan.
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