drive

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • noun a device that transmits power to wheels or propellers
  • noun a part of a computer which operates a tape or disk
  • verb to make a tape or disk work

Aviation

  • noun a series of connected devices that transmit power to the wheels, propellers, etc.
  • verb to make something move or turn

Banking

  • noun an energetic way of doing things

Cars & Driving

  • noun the position (D) on the gear selector of an automatic gearbox for the forward gears
  • verb to control and guide (a vehicle)
  • verb to make (a wheel, shaft, etc.) turn or rotate; to propel (a vehicle)
  • symbolD

Commerce

  • noun a part of a machine which makes other parts work
  • verb to make a motor vehicle go in a specific direction

Cricket

  • noun a batting stroke in which the ball is struck with a full downward swing of a perpendicular bat. The drive is an attacking shot, typically played to a ball of good length pitching on or just outside the line of the stumps, and is executed by advancing the front foot towards the pitch of the ball, and giving the bat a full backlift before bringing it down onto the ball very shortly after it pitches. quick footwork in ‘running out’ to the pitch of the ball can enable the batsman to drive even a ball of less than full length. Drives can be made to anywhere in front of the wicket in the arc between cover and midwicket, and are usually classified according to the direction they take, which is in turn largely governed by the line of the bowled ball.
    Citation ‘The straighter the ball is pitched in a line with the wicket, the straighter should be the drive, and vice versa’ (Ranjitsinhji 1897)
    See cover drive, off drive, on drive, square drive, straight drive
  • verb to hit the ball with a full downward swing of the bat when making a drive
    Citation ‘There is nothing that more completely demoralises a bowler than a player who comes out and drives when the ball is at all over-pitched’ (Badminton 1888)
    Citation ‘When Brittin was finally out, driving to mid-on, Daniels and Jo Chamberlain added a violent 34 from 16 balls’ (Paul Weaver, Guardian 21 July 1993)
    Citation ‘The 90mph-plus full toss from Brett Lee that he somehow drove through extra cover he later deemed the greatest shot he had ever played with his eyes closed’ (David Hopps, Wisden 2006)

Electronics

  • The signal, such as a voltage or current, that causes the function of a component, circuit, device, piece of equipment, system, process, or mechanism. Also called drive signal, driving signal (1), or excitation (1).
  • The action of providing drive (1). Examples include the application of signal power to a transmitting antenna, a voltage to an oscillating crystal, or a signal voltage to the control electrode of an electron tube. Also called excitation (2).
  • In computers, an electromechanical device which reads and/or writes data to a storage medium, such as a disk or a tape. For example, a disk drive.
  • A mechanical device, such as that in a tape deck, which moves a magnetic tape past the heads, for recording, reproducing, or erasing. Such a drive also fast-forwards and rewinds tapes. Also called tape drive (1), tape transport, or magnetic tape drive (1).
  • synonymdriving signal
  • In a TV transmitting system, a timing signal utilized to synchronize the horizontal or vertical scanning of an image.

Media Studies

  • verb ‘to drive the desk’ – to operate an editing or mixing desk

Military

  • verb to make someone do something

Publishing

  • verb to make a machine work, or a car or other vehicle go in a particular direction

Real Estate

  • noun a paved or surfaced area or private road that goes between a house or garage and the street

Sports

  • noun energy and determination that helps someone achieve what he or she wants to do
  • noun in some sports, a forceful shot or stroke in hitting a ball
  • noun a long shot played from either a tee or fairway, when covering the principal distance between two holes
  • noun a fast direct run towards the basket while dribbling the ball
  • verb in some sports, to kick or hit a ball forcefully
  • verb to hit a long shot from either a tee or a fairway when covering the principal distance between holes
  • verb to dribble the ball through a particular area of the court towards the basket
  • verb to strike the ball very hard and straight with the bat held vertically

Travel

  • noun the way in which a car is propelled or guided
  • noun a path leading to a house wide enough for a car to drive along it
  • verb to make a car, lorry, etc., go in a particular direction

Origin & History of “drive”

As far as is known, drive is an exclusively Germanic word. It and its relatives German treiben, Dutch drijven, Swedish driva, Danish drive, and Gothic dreiban point to a prehistoric Germanic ancestor *drīban. Its base also produced English drift and drove (OE). The central modern sense of drive, ‘drive a car’, comes from the earlier notion of driving a horse, ox, etc by pushing it, whipping it, etc from behind, forcing it onwards, but in most other modern European languages the verb for ‘driving a vehicle’ denotes basically ‘leading’ or ‘guiding’ (French conduire, e.g., or German lenken).
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