dump

Definitions

General English

  • noun a large area where rubbish is taken
  • verb to put something heavy on the ground, especially in a careless way
  • verb to throw something away, to get rid of something

Agriculture

  • noun a place where waste, especially solid waste, is thrown away
  • verb to throw away waste, especially without being subject to environmental controls
  • verb to get rid of large quantities of excess farm products cheaply in an overseas market

Computing

  • noun the transferring of data to a disk for storage
  • noun a printout of the contents of all or selected data in memory
  • verb to move data from one device or storage area to another

Electronics

  • To display, print, copy, or transfer the content of a computer memory or storage device, with little or no formatting.
  • To display, print, copy, or transfer the content of the main memory of a computer. Such a dump may be performed after a process which ends abnormally, for instance, to help pinpoint the source of a problem. A dump may also be generated automatically. Also called memory dump, or core dump.

Military

  • noun a temporary store in the field
  • verb to leave ammunition, fuel, etc. in a temporary store
  • verb to abandon a vehicle

Slang

  • noun a dirty, messy or dilapidated place. The word in this sense is now so common as to be a colloquialism rather than slang (which it would have been considered to be, say, in the 1950s).
  • noun an act of defecation, usually in a phrase such as ‘take or have a dump’

Origin & History of “dump”

Dump is probably of Scandinavian origin – Danish and Norwegian have the similar dumpe and dumpa, which mean ‘fall suddenly’ – although Dutch dompen ‘immerse, topple’ is another candidate that has been put forward. either way, there does not seem to be any direct connection with the dumps (16th c.), which was probably originally a metaphorical use of Dutch domp ‘haze’, in the sense ‘miasma of depression’. Nor has any relationship been established with the obsolete noun dump ‘lump’ (18th c.), which appears to have close ties with dumpling (16th c.) and dumpy (16th c.), although whether as source or descendant (by back-formation) is a debatable point.
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