- noun the study of the relationships among organisms as well as the relationships between them and their physical environment
- noun in sociology, the study of the relationships between living organisms and their environments, especially in political arguments against capitalism and industrialisation
Origin & History of “ecology”
Interpreted literally, ecology means ‘study of houses’. The word was coined, as ökologie, by the German zoologist Ernst Haeckel in the 1870s, on the basis of Greek oikos (as in economy). this means literally ‘house’, but Haeckel was using it in the wider sense ‘dwelling, habitat’. English adopted the word soon after its coinage, originally in the quasi-Latin form oecology.