• A bitter salad plant, Cichorium endivia, with curly ragged leaves all springing from the base without a heart. Originally from Southeast Asia and introduced by the Dutch in the 16th century and subsequently developed. It can be blanched by excluding light when it is growing to remove the bitterness. Known as chicorĂ©e in France and escarole in the USA. Unfortunately (Belgian) chicory is known as endive in France, causing much confusion.


  • noun a green salad plant similar to a lettuce, with curly bitter-tasting leaves
  • noun a vegetable with a conical head of white crisp leaves packed firmly together, eaten raw in salads or cooked with a sauce.