• noun a method of training a fruit tree, in which its branches are made to grow flat against a wall or other support.
  • noun a tree, especially apple or pear, trained in this way


  • A framework or trellis that directs branches of fruit trees or other decorative plantings to grow in a predesigned shape or to form on a single plane for improved air circulation and exposure to sun as wellas for ornamental effect.
  • The trees or plants grown in this manner.


  • a way of training vines so that only shoots and branches on two opposite sides of the trunk are kept – any on the other sides of the trunk are cut off – and those remaining are tied horizontally to supporting wires. The vine appears two-dimensional, wide but with no depth. Maximum exposure of grape bunches to the sun is ensured and picking is easier.