- (1867 - 1925) German weightlifter and strongman, who woninternational fame by presenting the first 'Hercules' act on stage.Sandow had developed his physique through a system of body buildingthat concentrated on muscle groups. His stage programme mostly consistedof lifting enormous weights: at his London debut in 1889 he lifteda 600-pound carthorse. In a blaze of publicity orchestrated by FlorenzZiegfeld, he appeared at the 1893 Columbian Exposition inChicago, wearing brief costumes and lifting his pianist together withthe grand piano. Sandow increased his income by endorsing such productsas health oils and corsets. He retired at 40 and died at the age of58, while attempting to lift a car out of a ditch.