eye

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • noun a sense organ that is used for seeing
  • noun the central point of a tropical storm, where pressure is lowest

Agriculture

  • noun a growth bud which has not developed, e.g. the bud of a potato tuber which develops shoots when the tuber is planted
  • noun the instinctive action of a sheepdog when working sheep

Cars & Driving

  • noun a circular opening or hole, such as that at the end of a leaf spring or that formed at the end of a cable

Construction

  • In architecture, the opening in the uppermost portion of a cupola.
  • The nearly circular center of the roll or volute of an Ionic capital.
  • The middle roundel of a pattern or ornament.
  • A hole through a member to provide access, such as for the passage of a pin.
  • In tools, the receiving orifice in the head of the implement.

Food

  • The term for the circular or oval shape formed from the cross section of a single muscle cut out from a chop or slice of meat
  • The dark spot on a potato from which the next year’s shoots would sprout

Medical

  • noun the part of the body with which a person sees

Origin & History of “eye”

In Old English times eye was ēage, which is related to a whole range of words for ‘eye’ in other European languages. Its immediate derivation is from prehistoric Germanic *augon, which was also the source of German auge, Dutch oog, Swedish öga, and many others. And *augon in its turn goes back to an Indo-European oqw-, which supplied the word for ‘eye’ to all the other Indo-European languages except the Celtic ones, including Russian óko (now obsolete), Greek ophthalmós, and Latin oculus (with all its subsequent derivatives such as French oeuil, Italian occhio, and Spanish ojo). Amongst its more surprising English relatives are atrocious, ferocious, inoculate, ullage, and window.
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