• (German: carnival play) In medieval Germany, a type of one-actplay that developed separately from the liturgical dramaduring the 15th century and was usually performed on Shrove Tuesdayby craftsmen or students in the open air. The plays were crude comediesand ribald farces featuring as their main character a fool known asthe Narr. Favourite subjects included the relationships betweenchurchmen and their female parishioners, and doctors and their patients.The genre sometimes contained elements of the morality play.Many Fastnachtsspiele were written by Meistersinger, such asHans Sachs and Hans Rosenplüt (see Meistersänger).