fret

Definitions

General English

  • verb to worry or be unhappy

Construction

  • A form of architectural ornamentation, consisting of elongated rectangles that are painted, curved, or raised in an elaborate pattern of fillets, bands, and ringlets; frequently made up of continuous lines crafted in repeating rectangular shapes.

Publishing

  • noun a design used for borders and on covers, made of an interlaced pattern

Origin & History of “fret”

English has three separate words fret. Fret ‘irritate, distress’ (OE) goes back to a prehistoric Germanic compound verb formed from the intensive prefix *fra- and the verb *etan (ancestor of English eat), which meant ‘eat up, devour’. Its modern Germanic descendants include German fressen ‘eat’ (used of animals). In Old English, it gave fretan, which also meant ‘devour’, but this literal meaning had died out by the early 15th century, leaving the figurative ‘gnaw at, worry, distress’. Fret ‘decorate with interlaced or pierced design’ (14th c.) (now usually encountered only in fretted, fretwork, and fretsaw) comes from Old French freter, a derivative of frete ‘trellis, embossed or interlaced work’, whose origins are obscure. Also lost in the mists of time are the antecedents of fret ‘ridge across the fingerboard of a guitar’ (16th c.).
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