- noun a band of decoration running along the wall of a room, usually just below the ceiling
- noun a horizontal band forming part of the entablature, situated between the architrave and the cornice and often decorated with sculpted ornaments or figures
Origin & History of “frieze”
Phrygia, in western and central Asia minor, was noted in ancient times for its embroidery. Hence classical Latin Phrygium ‘of Phrygia’ was pressed into service in medieval Latin (as frigium, or later frisium) for ‘embroidered cloth’. English acquired the word via Old French frise, by which time it had progressed semantically via ‘fringe’ to ‘decorative band along the top of a wall’.