General English

  • adverb completely


  • adjective with as much inside it as possible
  • adjective complete, including everything


  • A reference to lumber that is slightly oversize.


  • noun at the point in the trajectory of a well pitched-up ball where it reaches or passes the batsman while still in flight
    Citation ‘Lawson tried to york him and in fact Randall played all round a ball which passed his bat on the full and hit the base of the middle and off stumps’ (Henry Blofeld, Cricketer February 1983)


  • used to describe a wine with a round, rich flavour, normally as a good point, but sometimes implying that the wine is not elegant. When describing red wines, it normally refers to wine with higher levels of tannin and alcohol, e.g. Barolo or Châteauneuf-du-Pape wines. When describing white wines it normally refers to wines with high levels of alcohol or glycerol.

Origin & History of “full”

Full and its verbal derivative fill go back ultimately to the Indo-European base *plē-, which also produced Latin plēnus ‘full’ (source of English plenary, plenty, and replenish, and of French plein and Italian pieno ‘full’) and English complete, deplete (19th c.) (literally ‘unfill, empty’), implement, plebeian, plethora, plural, plus, replete (14th c.), supply, and surplus (14th c.). The Indo-European derivative *plnós passed into prehistoric Germanic as *fulnaz, which eventually became *fullaz, source of German voll, Dutch vol, and Swedish and English full. Fulfil dates from the late Old English period; it originally meant literally ‘fill full, fill up’.