- noun the alteration and recombination of genetic material under laboratory conditions, resulting in transgenic organisms.
- noun the alteration of the genetic material of a plant or animal under laboratory conditions, resulting in a plant or animal with new characteristics.
- noun the combination of genetic material from different sources to produce organisms with altered characteristics
- the insertion of DNA from another variety or a different organism into the genetic material of a grape variety to produce higher yields, improve disease resistance or combine characteristics of two or more varieties, e.g. flavour with early ripening for cooler northern climates