- a term with different meanings in different parts of France. In Bordeaux, the title is given to some estates, but apart from indicating good wine, has no real legal significance and is not related to grand cru classé. In Burgundy, it is used to denote one of the 30 or so vineyards judged to be the best in the region, though it does not always guarantee the best wine, since one vineyard in Burgundy is often split between different producers; it is above the premier cru classification. In the Champagne region, it is the top rating for a village that produces the best wines, although in Champagne the estate or Champagne house is often more important. In Alsace, it is the top classification for the best vineyards and wines of the region.