hammer

Definitions

General English

  • verb to knock something such as a nail into something such as a piece of wood with a hammer
  • verb to hit something hard, as with a hammer

Cars & Driving

  • noun a hand tool with a metal head on a handle, used for beating metal and driving in nails

Commerce

  • verb to remove a business from the stock Exchange because it has failed

Construction

  • A hand tool with a handle perpendicular to its head, for driving nails or other applications involving pounding or striking.

Electronics

  • A part of an apparatus which strikes another. For example, the hammer of a bell, or that of a daisy wheel.

Real Estate

  • noun a tool with a handle and a heavy metal head, used for knocking in nails or for shaping or breaking surfaces
  • verb to force something such as a nail into something else by pounding it with a hammer
  • verb to beat something with a hammer, especially to shape it

Slang

  • noun a male who behaves excessively, a heavy drinker. In this sense the word has been used by US college students and some British adolescents since 2000.
  • noun a gun. A term used by young street-gang members in London since around 2000.

Sports

  • noun a heavy metal ball attached to a handle of flexible wire, thrown in an athletics field event

Origin & History of “hammer”

Hammer is part of a widespread Germanic word-family, including also German and Danish hammer, Dutch hamer, and Swedish hammar. The ancestor of the Scandinavian forms, Old Norse hamarr, meant ‘stone crag’ as well as ‘hammer’. this and possible connections with the standard words for ‘stone, rock’ in the Indo-Iranian and Balto-Slavonic language groups (such as Sanskrit açman and Russian kamen’) suggest that hammer originally denoted some sort of tool with a stone head.
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