hip

Definitions

General English

Construction

  • The exterior inclining angle created by the junction of the sides of adjacent sloping roofs, excluding the ridge angle.
  • The rafter at this angle.
  • In a truss, the joint at which the upper chord meets an inclined end post.

Cricket

  • noun a leg-side fielding position (or the player occupying it) roughly equivalent to the modern square leg. Originally the term indicated the general area square of the wicket on the leg-side, as if starting from the hip of the batsman, whose stance was more ‘two-eyed’ in the early game.
    Citation ‘If the ball is directed to the legs of the striker, or near stump, it is frequently hit to the hip’ (Lambert 1816)

Food

  • The seed capsule of a flower, used especially of the rose

Medical

  • noun a ball and socket joint where the thigh bone or femur joins the acetabulum of the hip bone

Military

  • noun
    (written as Hip)
    a NATO name for the Soviet-designed Mi-8 and Mi-17 attack helicopters

Law

  • acronym forHome Information Pack
    (written as HIP)

Origin & History of “hip”

English has two hips. The anatomical hip (OE) comes from a prehistoric Germanic *khupiz, whose formal and semantic similarity to Greek kúbos ‘six-sided figure’, hence ‘pelvic cavity’ (source of English cube) suggests that the two may be related. The rose-hip (OE) goes back to a west Germanic *kheup-, which survives also in Dutch joop ‘rose-hip’.
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